The persons with disabilities are living with deprivation, neglect, discrimination, which resulted isolation and exclusion from mainstream society. It is estimated that 16 million people in Bangladesh are suffering from disability of different categories. About half a million multi-handicapped and three million children with disabilities live in Bangladesh. The rate of incidence is increasing. It is more alarming that about 250,000 new persons with disabilities join with existing back lock of 16 million in each year. As a result disability is going to be a matter of concern besides all other major problems in Bangladesh.
Having Highest Degree of Education from the University of Dhaka in Bangladesh Md Sherajul Islam (present Executive Director and Founder of SADD) who himself is a physically challenged person can rarely has dignity and status in the society. Being concerned with the existing situation the Executive Director along with a group of new generations of development social activists (potential and talents persons with disabilities) established Society for Awareness and Development of Disabled (SADD) in 2006. SADD is a disabled people’s organization, managed and run by the persons with disabilities, with a non-government, non-profit, non-political, non-religious, an independent and development outlook. SADD missions is to work with persons with disabilities to promote and facilitate “disability inclusive development” in all spheres of society-the inclusion of disability issues and persons with disabilities in mainstream government and non-government development programs.
SADD visions is an inclusive society, where persons with disabilities, regardless of age, gender or kind of disability, as well as their families, enjoy improved living conditions, and exercise the same rights and have access to the same services and opportunities enjoyed by other citizens.
SADD missions is to work with persons with disabilities to promote and facilitate “disability inclusive development” in all spheres of society-the inclusion of disability issues and persons with disabilities in mainstream government and non-government development programs.
- To strengthen the capacity of persons with disabilities (pwds) to run more sustainable, democratic, efficient and inclusive groups and organizations.
- To promote inclusion in education, sport and cultural activities, access to employment, leisure, buildings and infrastructures and lobbying governments to ensure equal opportunities for persons with disabilities.
- To promote socio-economic empowerment of persons with disabilities by ensuring income generation activities in order to develop quality of lives for them and for their families and communities.
- To facilitate information and service provision in health, mobility, legal and rights issues for persons with disabilities at every level in the society.
- To encourage and support communities so they can assume responsibility for ensuring that all their members, including persons with disabilities, are given equal access to locally available resources and participate fully in the economic, social and political life of the community.
- To encourage and liaise with other likeminded organisations (e.g. CBO’s and NGO’s) to ensure that persons with disabilities gain access to resources, services and programmes towards their life improvement.
- To facilitate the realization of equal opportunities, protection of rights and full participation of persons with disability and to do any other acts (e.g. UNCRPD and UNSDGs) which is incidental to the aforesaid objects?
Value of SADD
SADD Action reflects the following core Organisational and Operational Values:
- A Fundamental Right of persons with disabilities, as specified in the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities.
- Empowerment of persons with disabilities and their organizations for self-reliance and participation.
- Non-discrimination and gender equality in its membership, staff, programs and relationships.
- Affirmative action and equal employment opportunity in recruitment, advancement and retention of staff, interns, volunteers and consultants.
- Accessible premises, events, information and communications in all its action.
- Integrity, accountability and transparency in its program activities and finances.
- Commitment to excellence, professionalism and competence among its full-time and part-time staff.
- Commitment to knowledge and learning as an organization and among its partners.
- Team spirit and sense of belonging among its personnel.
Programme development Strategy & Approach
Prior to develop any programme SADD conducts baseline study to learn about the actual situation, facts and figures. The projects are being designed following a process of Problem analysis; Root and Immediate causes analysis, Duty bearer/Stakeholder analysis, Resource analysis and consultation with target group, relevant stakeholders, families and general community. Individual need assessment is also being done where needed to prepare service plan.
Programme implementation Approach & Strategy
- Capacity building.
- Community based with Rights approach.
- Participatory and Inclusive.
- Advocacy and sensitization including promotion of self-advocacy.
- Partnership, Networking and Collaboration.
SADD’s Policies in Practice
Society for Awareness and Development of Disabled (SADD) has the following Policies, which is in practice: Human Resource Policy, Finance and Accounts Policy, Procurement Policy, Gender Equality Policy, Child Protection Policy, HIV Policy (Non-Discrimination) and Information Disclosure Policy.
Society for Awareness and Development of Disabled (SADD) invites all who share its objectives to come forward and support its endeavor. Such contributors will be acknowledged as “Friends” of SADD.
Formation of Self-Help Groups and DPO’s
Persons with disabilities are organised through self-help groups (SHG’s). SADD helps to form self-help groups of persons with disabilities and DPOs with the representation of self-help groups in the working areas. Persons with disabilities are actively involved with these group activities. This situation has helped to build up confidence and they become organised. The main objective of self-help groups is to organise the persons with disability and to create awareness in the community as well as to build up capacity and leadership of the persons with disabilities. The self-help group is working mainly for self-supporting purpose in collaboration with different Unions and Wards, Upazilas and Thanas, and Districts level govt. and non-government organization. All group members received training on different issue. SADD developed 26 self-help groups of persons with disabilities in Patuakhali District, 08 in Barisal District and 08 in Dhaka District and empowered them. There are 20 members in each group. In every project of SADD, which is community and rights based and scope to involve programme participants (target beneficiaries may persons with disabilities even children or women with disabilities) developing and strengthening SHGs and DPOs is being as built-in strategy.
Towards strengthening the interventions at the Rural, Urban, National and International levels for demanding equal opportunities for the persons with disabilities. SADD is facilitating Various Capacity Building Programs for developing its self-help groups of persons with disabilities to raise voices on the issues and advocate for their rights. In this process various Training Programs and Capacity Building Workshop have been organized across in the working areas. The training and workshops have involved various government and non-governmental and international organization to equip the networks on Community Mobilization, Motivation, Management, Communication Skills and Legal Information. The primary focus of the workshop is to generate awareness among the community on various Rural and Urban development initiatives of SADD for deriving optimum benefits, to involve all the grassroots level workers and functionaries in Awareness Generation and Livelihood Promotion Activities in villages and to facilitate equal opportunities for the persons with disabilities through generating awareness on Rural and Urban development programs. The united actions of persons with disabilities who have organized and managed their own independent self-help groups will more appropriately identify the problems and constraints persons with disabilities face, and be able to initiate the necessary interventions. Such groups are also able to be vocal about and advocate for the rights and interests of their members.
SADD organizes different Capacity Building Training for the persons with disabilities as well as community people to develop skills, understanding of the causes of poverty, positive attitude towards social change and acquire management and operational skills to utilize their potentials as human beings. It is provided training on Disability Awareness, Leadership Development and Group Facilitation, Social Awareness, Good Governance, Inclusive Education, Climate Change and Disability Rights Based Approach, Human Rights, Income Generation and Group Management and Participatory Rural Appraisal. In addition, Human Development Training, Practical Skill Development Training was imparted to the group members who undertake various Employment and Income Generation projects. SADD is counseling for their empowerment and self-employment.
Education of persons with disabilities is the state obligation, since the state party has signed and ratified the UNCRPD and signed the Optional Protocol. A large percentage of persons with disabilities are still out of education. The rate of enrollment among persons with disabilities is very low. Common causes of non-enrollment among children with disabilities are: lack of adaptive ability with the school environment, no or low scopes of personal assistance, absence of accessible transportation, inaccessible infrastructure and environment, absence of implication of policy, negative attitude of the family, teachers and community.
Society for Awareness and Development of Disabled is giving extra attention on inclusive education for the children with disability. First SADD runs few schools and it is for inclusive education and these schools can make the children to prepare for inclusive education like NFPE inclusive education but when all these children need to get admission in our mainstreaming school it needs many additional support and SADD working for that at different level. And as part of this program SADD initiates many activities. Like monthly meeting with enlisted School Teachers and School Committee, Parents Counseling, Social Communication, and also provide all necessary support for the student like tuition fee for the children with disabilities, monthly scholarship, distribution of assistive device even also work for make the school accessible for the different special need children.
Awareness Advocacy and Networking
• Awareness Pro grams and Advocacy Work:
As Awareness and Advocacy is one of the priority areas of Society for Awareness and Development of Disabled because disability is a multiple disciplinary issue and for making the society inclusive first we need to change the attitude of the non-disabled person. To keep it in the mind SADD addresses some program these are conduct workshop at different level and on different issues like: Awareness Meeting with different community groups, Round Table with Lawyer and Policy Makers, Printing and distribution of poster and leaflet, Press conference, Publication on different issue, Billboard installation, Disability fair at community and National level, Observation of different National and International Day and Drama of true story as TV spot.
Marching ahead with objectives of the SADD for demanding Self-respect, Dignity and Social Justice for the persons with disabilities, the slogan “Demanding Nothing About Us Without Us” is been associated with the network since its inception has provided a courage to empower persons with disabilities to raise their voices for their rights. SADD has taken various advocacy efforts towards addressing the rights of the persons with disabilities, and have extended its support for the cause of persons with disabilities. The Advocacy Interventions involved staging of Dharma’s, rallies and signature campaigns, for demanding equal opportunities for the persons with disabilities, rallies demanding opportunities for PWDs programs, submission of memorandums to the government authorities on inclusion of Dwarfs in to the list of persons with disabilities, campaigning interventions for effective implementation of acts and policies. Policy dialogue, group interaction, workshop and seminar, advocacy and motivational meeting are conducted with relevant GO, NGOs to make sure government and non-governmental support to the persons with disabilities at policy and practice level. SADD is trying to disseminate the information regarding the Rights of PWDs towards mass people thus they can aware about the issue and come forward for changing the social discrimination against PWDs.
Society for Awareness and Development of Disabled facilitating network interventions across the 42 Unions/Wards, 10 Upazilas/Thanas and 3 Districts (Patuakhali, Barisal and Dhaka District) the initiatives have been drawing many individuals, Disabled People Organizations, Community Based Organizations, like minded NGO’s, Social Activists, and Disability Focused Networks towards the activities of the SADD. Towards this process, it has facilitated capacity building interventions of the Village, Union/Ward, Upazila/Thana and District level community based structures, and activists apart this constant interactions and information sharing interventions on the policy, act and schemes of the government have been widely discussed with the likeminded group at the state level. Networking interventions are taking an active turn in advocating for the right of the persons with disabilities and further making their way ahead and bringing the issues of the persons with disabilities to the public domain to seek adequate resources, policies and entitlement and equal rights. Social groups working towards the rights of persons with disabilities in the respective areas have been facilitated for pro-active role in addressing the issues of persons with disabilities. As a result many of the sensitized groups have taken the ownership and have accumulated themselves into networks to raise voices and address specific issues of the Persons with disabilities.
Economic Empowerment and Poverty Alleviation
• Economic Empowerment:
Interventions towards bringing economic sustainability among the youth and women with disabilities, SADD has initiated livelihood development program which involves training of the youth in livelihood skills, for creating adequate opportunities for employment. Apart this self help groups involving the women with disabilities have been facilitated and the members are been frequently trained on various vocational and leadership skills to build their capacities for emerging as self sustainable groups. During the process, towards bringing more sustainability to the interventions, the skilled youth have facilitated into groups and were linked to various government schemes for accessing loan facilities to start their own units. Whereas the SHG groups of women with disabilities, were provided adequate linkages to access loans from the banks to initiate their own units either in groups or individually.
• Poverty Alleviation:
Poverty is deeply rooted in the societies of Bangladesh due to various reasons. Bangladesh has full of natural resources but due to lack of education and technology, having over population growth, it is unable to mobilize the resources and remaining so poor. On the other hand Bangladesh very often faces various natural disasters like as cyclone, tornados, droughts etc. which hampered the national growth. The socio-political situation of the country is also very unrest and unstable which is one of the main factors to stimulate the poverty in the society. Considering such situation it is badly needed to intervene to alleviate the poverty.
SADD stressed on the socio-economic development of the community people and try to improve the financial status of rural areas. According to the community needs, financial abilities, skills, and some initiatives have been carrying out under poverty alleviation program.
Legal Support, Gender and Disability
• Legal Support:
Society for Awareness and Development of Disabled has facilitated a legal support in the working areas to legally empower the persons with the disabilities. SADD supports the persons with disabilities in filing on the rights violations, exploitation and abuse. Apart submitting representation to competent authorities for the settlement of their problems like, Family disputes or Marital disturbances, discrimination against disability, difficulties involved in obtaining the Entitlements etc.
• Gender and Disability:
Gender is the priority area in all aspect and policy level to SADD. We reflect it in each and every program, staff recruitment, and all relevant sectors as well and developed Gender Policy and include Women and Girls with disability issue with giving special priority. More over we are very actively involve at Local, National and International level about Gender and seeking special attention of Women and Girls with disability. For this, we have been providing awareness training on Gender and Equality, Girls Child Rights, Women Rights. Gender and Disability, our training module is especially prepared for rural and urban Women and Girls with disabilities that also focused on their needs, position and rights. Both women and men are the participants of our trainings. Women and Girls with disabilities are double discriminated, disadvantaged by the society and family as well as underdeveloped. We have emphasized on the rights of Women and Girls with disabilities and trying to sensitize this issue to the gender focused organization and national gender policy.
Health and Nutrition, Early Intervention, Family Planning and Reproductive Health
• Health and Nutrition:
The existing health facilities and services to the most people in Bangladesh is very much neglected and full of hazardous due to poverty, lack of education and health awareness, lack of available institutions and resources. As 41% of the total population living below the poverty line and they are unable to avail their basic health facilities and services. As a result most people are living with health hazardous. Considering the existing health situation it is badly needed to intervene in this field and improve the present situation. Therefore, SADD took several interventions in order to improve the present health situation of the persons with disabilities of Bangladesh.
• Early Intervention:
Through this service SADD provides primary assessment of the children. After assessment if the children are found with disabilities at primary stage, then we undertake necessary efforts to cure them through therapy or surgical intervention or referral services in accordance with the need of the respective children. The main aim of the service is to reduce disabilities at primary stage through early intervention in the project areas.
The area of Early Intervention:
* Early learning and literacy programs for parents and their children.
* Programs to support parents and caregivers in all aspects of early child development.
* Programs for new parents on pregnancy and parenting.
* Links to other early intervention programs and services in the community.
• Family Planning and Reproductive Health:
SADD has been working in the field of family planning through its own initiatives since 2006. The organization has been implementing Population Control through Awareness Raising in its different working areas. The activities included community based group formation, awareness raising on development issues particularly benefits of health and family planning, distribution of birth control materials, conduction of various trainings etc. The project has contributed towards improvement on knowledge on family planning and re-productive health. Immediate impact is to accept and use family planning methods provided by Government agencies and others.
Medical & Surgical Intervention and Assistive Device
• Medical & Surgical Intervention:
The children, who have problem with clubfeet, cleft lip/plate or other congenital and acquired problem, Society for Awareness and Development of Disabled (SADD) organized surgical intervention by expert team consisting of Orthopedic and Plastic surgeons. In addition, SADD organised three Ortho-Plastic camps in rural community hospital with the assistance of Govt. hospital facilities. In addition, we provide referral service for the children to different hospitals for surgical and medical treatments.
• Assistive Device Distribution:
According to the needs SADD distribute different Assistive device like-Wheel Chair, Crutch Elbow, Standing Frame, Walker, Crutch Long and Short, Leg Brace, Orthopedic Shoe, Hearing Aid, Splint and Special Chair regularly for the children and youth with disabilities in the project area. Assistive device are distributed as per individual assessment report mentioning the specific measurement and recommendation for using the required device made by OT/PT so that using the assistive device can benefit the receiver. By using this device persons with disabilities are developing their functional skills and prevent secondary disabilities.
Accessibility at All Level
For inclusion to all level it has been seen that accessibility is big obstacle for the person with disabilities. Society for Awareness and Development of Disabled (SADD) is ensuring proper accessibility in her all working areas, which is suitable for all. At the same time SADD is continuously lobbing and raising awareness of the govt. authorities and local people to make sure the accessibility issue while designing new building. In addition, SADD organized peaceful sit in demonstration and rally to raise awareness and ensure the rights of persons with disabilities especially accessibility issue to the local people as well as govt. administration.
Water, Sanitation and Arsenic Mitigation
Water and Sanitation:
Water and Sanitation Program is one of the major development activities of SADD. Safe drinking water and hygienic sanitation is a must for the safety of life as well as sound environment. SADD undertook this program in order to ensure safe drinking water and hygienic sanitation in the working area because the people of this area are ignorant, unaware and indifferent about the importance and need of safe drinking water and hygienic sanitation. SADD has been implementing Water and Sanitation program under financial and technical supported Donor and own contribution.
• Arsenic Mitigation:
SADD has undertaken a good number of water related projects identification of arsenic contaminated area and various project works in the different areas. Training and Orientation on Community Based Safe Water Supply and Arsenic Mitigation Program on awareness Creation on Hazardous effects of Arsenic contamination of tube-wells with local representatives, Govt. Officials, civil societies, School teachers and others NGOs workers.
Disaster Management and Climate Change
Disaster Management Program of SADD extends some sorts of assistance in case of natural calamities like flood, cyclone tornado etc. The geographical location of Bangladesh is disaster prone zone. Every year it faced so many catastrophic natural calamities. To distribute emergency relief work and subsequent rehabilitation it proved its potentiality in terms of program management and rehabilitation of the victims of disaster. In disaster preparedness, management and post disaster rehabilitation program, SADD specify the vulnerability according to the situation and ability of people including persons with disabilities. To maintain the universal standard, the primary need assessment is always participatory and situation based. SADD also emphasizes mass awareness on proper disaster preparedness to minimize the damage and vulnerability of disaster. In this regard, SADD organizes disaster preparedness training and disseminate information focusing rescue, management of disaster and safety of persons with disabilities, elderly people, babies and children, older and pregnant women.
As one of the world’s climate change hotspots, natural disasters in the form of flooding, cyclones, and drought are a part of everyday life for the people of Bangladesh. Bangladesh is highly vulnerable to natural hazards due to its geographical location, land characteristics, multiplicity of rivers and the monsoon climate. However, these events hit people living in poverty and in particular persons with a disability and the hardest of all.
There is very limited participation of persons with disabilities in disaster management planning and limited awareness and training of emergency response and disaster preparedness staff regarding their needs. As a result, they are mostly excluded from disaster management actions such as risk and capacity assessment, identification, early warning, search, rescue, evacuation, shelters, emergency response, water and sanitation, healthcare, and rehabilitation. For example, deaf people are unable to hear audible early warning signals, evacuation may be difficult or impossible without personal assistance and village disaster shelters may not be accessible as they have steps or are under water following a severe flood. They may also be overlooked in the relief and rebuilding process, and given they have often lost their personal possessions and their means of livelihood this can send persons with disabilities into a spiral of greater poverty and vulnerability that intensifies with every new disaster.
To address this issue, SADD implements disability inclusive disaster response and risk reduction projects and advocates for persons with disabilities and their families to be included in preparedness, response and recovery activities conducted by mainstream disaster management agencies.
Training and Research
Training is said to be the first hand made of program activities, for without training to the target beneficiaries and the staffs, no such activities can successfully be implemented. So awareness and skill building training courses are regularly held for the target beneficiaries, and the staff capacity development training is also a regular phenomenon in SADD. Beside action research, study, seminar and workshops are conducted as per needs.
Establishment of human and civil rights, keeping clean and fresh environment, tree plantation, action against violence, trafficking of women and children (including disabled women and children) prevention of early and multi marriage, action against dowry and above all income earning schemes are some of the major action point. They have already undertaken those for immediate action. The participants conduct Rally, Campaign and Demonstration, Possession, Group meeting, Community meeting, Spouse forum and above take personal and group initiative in implementation their action points.
Society for Awareness and Development of Disabled (SADD) has been working with the legal approval from NGO Affairs Bureau (The Foreign Donations Voluntary Activities Regulation Rules 1978). Dated: October 13, 2009, Registration Number-2491, Government People’s Republic of Bangladesh. Renewed Date: From October 13, 2014 to October 12, 2019). SADD also registered under Joint Stock Companies & Firms Society Registration (Act XX1 of 1860). Dated: August 2, 2006, Registration Number-S-5883(127)/06, Government People’s Republic of Bangladesh.
Governances and Management
SADD is being operating by the Good Governance respectively. The Management of SADD is over seen by the Executive Committee (EC) which regular meets at after two months intervals. The General Committee (GC) meets once in a year reviewing the activities of the Executive Committee. General Committee is the supreme authority of the SADD which is consisted with 21 Members (17 persons with disabilities represents out of 21 in the GC). General Committee brings any Amendment in the organizational structure. GC of the organization confirms the yearly organizational activities and accounts. GC elects the 07 Members Executive Committee (EC) for two year’s period (5 persons with disabilities represents out of 7 in the EC). The Executive Committee is Responsible and Accountable to General Committee for its work and Organizational Management. This is the committee (EC) accountable for effective smooth functioning of the organizational activities. General Committee also elects the Executive Director and ED performs the Management Functions and Guides the staff members as assigned by the Executive Committee.
The Senior Staff works under the Direct Supervision of the Executive Director of the organisation. In coordination meeting the Executive Director presides over the meeting and takes all the important decisions in a Participatory Manner. The Section/Program Heads reports to the Executive Director of SADD.
Md Sherajul Islam (The Executive Director and Founder of SADD) who himself is a Physically Challenged Person. He has an extensive background in Leading Humanitarian, Social Development, and Public Health organizations at International, Cross-Cultural Settings. He is the Founder and working in this Organization over 10 Years. He has long experience in Strategic Leadership, Governing Board Management, Executive-Level Management of large-scale operations, and Humanitarian and Social Development Programme Management. He also has and proven track record in effective External Relationship Management, Communications, and Fundraising for Humanitarian Development Projects. He has been a Successful Professional in bringing convergence of Philanthropic Approaches and Entrepreneurial Methodologies in creating Sustainable Development Programming for achieving impact at large Scale. In the professional field, he is known for leading complex organizational change processes in multicultural settings. He is also known for his unique ability to attract and develop young in spite of his disability.
The Project of the organization is running with the effort of a Skilled and Experienced Team headed by the Executive Director. The Executive Director and Monitoring Team regularly visit different projects and monitor the progress of ongoing activities keeping the planned activities on track and maintain the quality.
The Executive Director is also responsible for implementing Organizational Policies, Approval of Recruitment, and Budget, different types of report and day to day decision making and schedule works. The Respective Section/Program Heads help him to implement the Programs. The Programs are implemented through Field Offices.
Monitoring and Evaluation
SADD follows a systematic approach for Monitoring and Evaluation of its activities focused on Programs and Financial Management Aspect. This will enable all those involved to assess the impact and effectiveness of the programs and financial aspects of the organisation and make adjustments in strategy.
The monitoring system of SADD ensures a process of Information Gathering, Problem Analysis and Finding Solutions for continuous Programs Improvement and Management. The full-time Program Officers are responsible for overall management, coordination and monitoring of respective programs. Monitoring is done by Monitoring and Evaluation Officer through a series of field visits and monthly reporting. In addition, monthly review meetings are organised at the field-level. Prescribed Monitoring Format/Tools are used for monitoring.
The objective of monitoring is to look into the Progress of Program Activities according to the plan in terms of quality and quantity and provide support to respective program staff to for further improvement. Monitoring is done through a series of field visits, monthly progress review meeting, reporting, providing feedback and sequent follow up. Monitoring ensures Collection Data and Information from field level, analyze those to find out problems, providing feedback and follow up the progress.
SADD conduct Midterm and Post Evaluation that helps to take further decisions and initiative for the management. Evaluation is conducted to measure and result of a specific program as well as impact on the program participants. Evaluation gives a clear idea about the success of an intervention and recommends the areas need to improve.
The respective Program Officer collects information from field and prepares reports in a regular basis. Monthly, Quarterly and Annual reports reflect the activities done in the field level. The reports are also submitted to the respective authority and donors. SADD conduct midterm and post evaluation that helps to take further decisions and initiative.
There is a way you can get involved with the Society for Awareness and Development of Disabled (SADD)
You can help & support us by: Making Donations (Monetary)
You can use checks and money orders to make a monetary donation to SADD.
Checks and Money Orders need to be payable to Society for Awareness and Development of Disabled' or 'SADD' and be mailed to:
Society for Awareness and Development of Disabled (SADD)
House # 13 (1st Floor), Road # 14,
Rupnagar Residential Area,
Mirpur, Dhaka-1216, Bangladesh.
• Defining Disability
There are many different definitions of disability. The Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNCRPD) states that disability is an evolving concept and results from the interaction between persons with impairments and attitudinal and environmental barriers that hinders their full and effective participation in society on an equal basis with others.
People's experiences of disability are extremely varied. There are different kinds of impairments and people are affected in different ways. Some people have one impairment, others multiple; some are born with an impairment, while others may acquire an impairment during the course of their life. For example, a child born with a congenital condition, such as cerebral palsy, a young soldier who loses his leg to a landmine, a middle-aged woman who develops diabetes and loses her vision, an older person with dementia may all be described as people who have disabilities. The Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities describes persons with disabilities as those who have long-term physical, mental, intellectual or sensory impairments.
• Causes of Disability
Globally, the most common causes of disability include: chronic diseases (e.g. diabetes, cardiovascular disease and cancer); injuries (e.g. due to road traffic accidents, conflicts, falls and landmines); mental health problems; birth defects; malnutrition; and HIV/AIDS and other communicable diseases. It is very difficult to estimate the exact number of people living with disabilities throughout the world, however the number is increasing due to factors such as population growth, increase in chronic health conditions, the ageing of populations, and medical advances that preserve and prolong life. Many low and middle-income countries face a double burden, i.e. they need to address both traditional problems, such as malnutrition and infectious diseases, and new problems, such as chronic conditions.
• Key Statistics on Disability
The following statistics illustrate the situation facing persons with disabilities across the globe:
An estimated 80% of persons with disabilities live in developing countries.
An estimated 15-20% of the world's poorest people are disabled.
Approximately 10-15% of the world's population lives with a disability.
Persons with disabilities constitute the world's largest minority.
No rehabilitation services are available to persons with disabilities in 62 countries.
Only 5-15% of persons with disabilities can access assistive devices in the developing World.
Children with disabilities are much less likely to attend school than others.
Persons with disabilities tend to experience higher unemployment and have lower earnings than people without disabilities.
Persons with disabilities often die prematurely.
For every person who has impairment and/or disability, 4 to 5 other family members are also affected- particularly in developing countries where families tend to be larger and more interdependent.
Md Sherajul Islam
(A physically challenged person)
Society for Awareness and Development of Disabled (SADD)
Address (Head Office):
House # 8, Road # 19,
Rupnagar Residential Area, Mirpur,
Phone : +88 01714 072 642
E-mail : email@example.com